Copaiba balm FragrancesCopaifera Officinalis | Resins And Balsams
Copaiba balm (aka Copahu) is used in perfumes exactly as it occurs in nature, unprocessed. It is a natural oleoresin present in many species of Copaifera (trees).
Balm, a general term used in cosmetics
Today, before being used in perfumery, the notion of balm is especially very present in cosmetics. In this case, it is a fatty and consistent product used for facial or body care. Unlike a simple nourishing cream, the balm mixes several ingredients such as oils, water, butters and natural waxes. The balms are deposited on the epidermis for their numerous liquids. Thus, they participate in regeneration and help protect the skin. They prevent dryness and therefore, tightness, redness and irritation. The balm is ideal for protecting the skin during the winter and keeping it supple and soft throughout the year.a
The balm: what are we talking about in perfumery?
When we talk about balm in perfumery, it is instead the first category mentioned above: that is to say, the powerful odor given off by the resins of conifers. The balms are rather present in the base notes of the perfumes. They are an excellent fixative and give the juice that contains them a smoother, sweeter, and rounder flavor. They are a ubiquitous ingredient in juices belonging to the oriental olfactory family. To obtain a balm, it is advisable to incise the trunk of a tree and to recover the resin which escapes from it. This is then distilled with water vapor, before the balm is extracted by the use of solvents. This traditional manufacturing method is nevertheless very often replaced today by synthetic components,
In perfumes, the main balms currently used are:
- Peruvian balsam with a caramelized, waxy, and leathery scent.
- Tolu balm, mainly produced in Colombia. Its scent is more vanilla and woody.
- Benzoin balm, from Indochina, with a powdery, spicy, milky, and vanilla flavor.